Causitive agent: the fungus Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans
Significance: The disease is not present in North America, but an introduction of the fungus into native salamander populations could have devastating effects.
Zoonotic risk: No
Transmission: Chytrid fungi can be transmitted through contact with water or organic matter (mud, leaf litter, etc.), or by direct contact with an infected salamander.
Clinical Signs: reddening and ulceration of skin, lethargy and weight loss
Diagnosis: Histologic examination to confirm the concurrent presence of skin lesions and fungus; molecular confirmation of fungus via PCR