News: Salamander Chytrid Disease


04/01/2016

Salamander chytridiomycosis is an infectious disease caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal). The fungus is a close relative of B. dendrobatidis, which was described more than two decades ago and is responsible for the decline or extinction of over 200 species of frogs and toads. B. salamandrivorans has not, so far, been reported in North America. An introduction of the fungus into native North American salamander populations could have devastating effects. To help prevent the deadly fungus from killing native salamanders, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service declared 201 salamander species as injurious wildlife under the Lacey Act. The Act, which took effect on 28 January 2016, prohibits the import and interstate trade of listed species. See the Bsal NWDC fact sheet for more details about this disease